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The Crucial Components of Autism Spectrum Disorder

29th January 2021

Characterized by the tedious and distinguishing patterns of behaviour, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) states to a set of multifaceted neurodevelopment ailments. Here, the patient faces complications with social communication as well as interaction. Some children as well as adults with ASD are sometimes completely able to accomplish all the daily-living activities while others need considerable provision to perform the basic daily-living activities. Therefore, the term “spectrum” mentions a wide range of indications, skills, plus levels of special need in functioning. As a 21st-century special educator, you need to be aware of all the necessary details about the different special needs and the autism courses for teachers train them in that.

The rate of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been increasing worldwide now. Even though the source of ASD is not yet identified, studies suggest a genetic basis strappingly with a complex mode of inheritance. The symptoms of ASD are present from early childhood and affect daily functioning. It arises in every ethnic and traditional group, and across all socio-economic stages.

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Well, children as well as adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may communicate, interact, perform, and learn in ways that are different from most other people. Also, it is a developing special need that can cause important social, communication and behavioural challenges. Some people with ASD need a lot of assistance in their daily lives while others need not as much of.
 

Symptoms of the Autism Spectrum Disorder

Signs and Symptoms of the Autism Spectrum Disorder

People with ASD generally repeat certain behaviours and might not want to change in their daily activities. Well, signs of Autism Spectrum Disorder start during early childhood and typically last throughout a person’s life.

Children or adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder might:
 

  • Not look promptly at objects when another person points at them.
     
  • People with ASD usually have trouble in understanding other people’s emotional state.
     
  • Children or adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder might feel uncomfortable in talking about their own feelings.
     
  • They usually avoid eye contact and want to be alone most of the time.
     
  • People with ASD usually prefer not to be held or cuddled.
     
  • Well, children or adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder might be very interested in people, but they don’t know how to talk, play, or relate to them.
     
  • Children or adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder might have trouble in expressing their needs by using distinctive words or motions.
     
  • They typically have rare reactions to the way things smell, taste, look, feel, or sound.
     
  • Children or adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder might be slow to respond to if someone calls their name.
     
  • They might have an unusual tone of voice that may sound flat and robot-like.

People with Autism Spectrum Disorder may also experience sleep problems along with petulance.

Well, if you are thinking that children or adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder experience only the challenges then you are mistaken, they do have many strengths as well, including:
 

  • Children or adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder can be strong visual and auditory learners.
     
  • They can be outshining in math, science, music, or art, etc.
     
  • They generally have logical thinking aptitude.
     
  • Children or adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder can be very punctual.
     
  • They are good at memorising and learning information rapidly.
Autistic Children Usability Testing Result
(Ref: https://bit.ly/2MOnLx3)

Grounds and Risk Factors of the Autism Spectrum Disorder

Well, all of the causes of ASD are unknown. However, there are likely numerous causes for multiple types of Autism Spectrum Disorder including environmental, biologic and genetic factors.
 

  • Children who have a sibling with ASD are at a developed risk of also having ASD.
     
  • Genes are one of the risk aspects that can make a person more probable to develop ASD.
     
  • Certain genetic or chromosomal conditions, such as fragile X syndrome or tuberous sclerosis, can have a bigger chance of having ASD.
     
  • Children born to older parents are at greater risk of having ASD.
     
  • Throughout pregnancy, the treatment drugs valproic acid and thalidomide have been connected with a higher risk of ASD.

Some Effective Tips for Parents
 

  • Seek out for the professional help for specific concerns.
     
  • Deliver the constant structure and routine.
     
  • Connect with other parents of children with autism.
     
  • Connect with your child’s teacher and school as well.
     
  • Try to learn as much as possible about autism spectrum disorder.
     
  • Form a home safety zone.
     
  • Pay attention to your child's sensory compassions.

Also, paying attention to the physical as well as emotional health of the whole family is important.

Sometimes, for several children, signs and indications of the ASD improve with age and behavioural treatment. Autism spectrum disorder is also three to four times more common in boys than in girls. There is no remedy for ASD as Autism is a lifelong condition. Though the therapies and behavioural involvements can substantially improve those symptoms. Also, the early behavioural/educational interventions with the autism courses for teachers have been very effective in various children with ASD.

Like everyone else, children with autism also have an entire lifetime to grow and develop their abilities, so don’t give up on them!


Written By : Bindita Sinha



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