Understanding the ABC Model in Special Education

24th July 2020

The ABC Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence model is not new in the field of teaching children with special needs. This model can also be helpful for the non-disabled or regular children as well in your classroom. This model functions with different scientifically tested techniques to manage and guide the students with learning disabilities by promoting beneficial behavior.

It is a prick that can assist children with special needs by examining the behavior they wish to change. In this write-up, we'll try to take a closer look at this ABC Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence model, and we'll discuss how we can use it to help children with special needs.

Definition of Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence - ABC Model

The Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence (ABC) Model is a teaching tool that can assist people to analyze different kinds of behavior which they want to change. Antecedent means the outcomes, activity, or different circumstances that happen instantly before a behavior. Behavior means activities in component part. Consequences mean the activity or responses that forthwith follow the behavior.

For children with learning disabilities in particular, the consequence is important. Whether it's negative or constructive, the consequence is crucial because it shapes whether or not you continue to engross in positive behaviors. ABC analysis started in the 1960s with the beginnings of different applied behavior analysis, with Sidney Bijou and colleagues.

Why Implement the ABC Model?

Well, it is being considered that the Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence - ABC Model is one of the uncomplicated methods of behavioral measurement. The model allows someone who is observing the behavior easily and clearly in a manner that can be easily communicated. Furthermore, it offers perceptiveness into the individual's state of affairs.

The model allows an observer to record the prescriptive information about a student in a systematic and organized way. Different kinds of strategies that inconsistently influence the environmental priors and effects, these are often used in the research. It is infrequently being used after the completion of the initial interviews and record all the reviews which are conducted. Functional assessment interviews can give information about when and where measurement sessions will be conducted.

For the students who have diagnosed with learning disabilities, to collect ABC Data for yourself, you'll need to record multiple instances of behavior over time. Even though the ABC Model can give an insight into a wide range of behavior as sometimes studying behavior gets too complicated to measure on your own. Much of the behavior revolves around how children perform in school, within a classroom, and small changes to antecedents and consequences can change a student's behavior completely. For example, good positive feedback after your student responds to a question may impart a tendency to participate more frequently.

However, some teachers only use the ABC Model for problematical behavior and miss out on the benefits of initiation and prolonging positive behaviors. Don't let limiting beliefs hold you back from the things that can be learned through the learning disability courses online. As long as you apply the right teaching practices and maintain a positive mental attitude, you can help the children with learning disabilities in a better way.


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